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Projected Decrease in Cotton Production Over 2010

USDA September 2011 Ag Yield and Objective Yield Surveys

Published Sept. 15, 2011 @ 3:50 p.m.

The 2011 Texas Upland cotton crop is expected to total 4.2 million bales, down 7 percent from last month and 46 percent less than in 2010. Yield is expected to average 630 pounds per acre, compared with 703 pounds last year. Acreage expected for harvest is estimated at 3.2 million acres, down 40 percent from 2010.

Corn production is forecast at 179.2 million bushels, unchanged for last month, down 41 percent from last year. Based on September 1 conditions, statewide yield are expected to average 112 bushels per acre, down 33 bushels from 2010. Acres to be harvested for grain, at 1.6 million, are down 23 percent from last year and unchanged from last month.

Sorghum production is forecast at 67.6 million bushels, up 4 percent from last month and 43 percent less than last year. Acres to be harvested are estimated at 1.3 million acres, down 24 percent from last year. Yield, at 52 bushels per acre, is up 2 bushels from last month but down 18 bushels from last year.

Texas peanut production is down 53 percent from last year, at 273.0 million pounds, and down 37 percent from last month. Statewide yield, at 2,600 pounds per acre, is down 600 pounds from last month. Harvested acreage is down 36 percent from last year to 105,000 acres.

Rice producers expect to harvest 13.5 million cwt, up slightly from 2010. Yield is forecast at 7,500 pounds per acre, 340 pounds more than last year, and 200 pounds more than last month.

The 2011 Texas soybean crop is forecast at 1.87 million bushels, down 66 percent from last year’s production. Harvested acreage, at 110,000, is down 41 percent from last year, and yield is expected to average 17 bushels per acre, compared with 30 bushels last year, and 20 bushels for last month.

U.S. Highlights: United States corn production is forecast at a record high 12.5 billion bushels, up slightly from 2010. A yield of 148.1 bushels per acre is forecast, down 4.7 bushels from last year’s record. The sorghum crop is down 29 percent from last year at 244.1 million bushels. The U.S. Upland cotton crop is expected to total 15.8 million bales, down 10 percent from last year. Soybean production is forecast at a record high 3.1 billion bushels, down 7 percent from last year. The U.S. peanut crop is estimated at 3.46 billion pounds, down 17 percent from a year ago. U.S. rice production is forecast at 191 million cwt, down 21 percent from 2010.

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